Dear anyone,
Your duolingo forum registration isn't automaticaly transferred to duome forum so in order to join duome forums you need to register with your existing or any other username and email; in any case it's advised that you choose a new password for the forum.
~ Duome Team

Difference perfecto and gerundio?

Moderators: xillegas, Stasia

janniet
Netherlands

Difference perfecto and gerundio?

Post by janniet »

Can anyone tell me the difference between the presente perfecto and the gerundio?

For instance:

Estaba escuchando
Ha escuchado

Are they interchangeable or is there a difference?

User avatar
gmads
Mexico

Re: Difference perfecto and gerundio?

Post by gmads »

janniet wrote: Fri Sep 22, 2023 6:03 am

Can anyone tell me the difference between the presente perfecto and the gerundio?

For instance:

Estaba escuchando
Ha escuchado

Are they interchangeable or is there a difference?

El gerundio se usa para:

  1. establecer que ocurría una acción antes de que sucediera otra: estaba comiendo, cuando sonó el teléfono

  2. describir una acción en proceso: estoy preparando mi maleta

  3. indicar la forma en que una acción se lleva a cabo: llorando, se despidió de su familia

Referencia.

El pretérito perfecto se emplea para:

  1. hablar de experiencias de vida: he viajado cinco veces a Europa

  2. describir situaciones pasadas (lejanas o recientes) pero que tienen relevancia con el presente: he trabajado mucho este último mes (y por eso me encuentro agotado)


:hash:  ㆍespañol ㆍgramática

🦎  Conform or be cast out…  🦎
Rush - Subdivisions

🇲🇽 :us:  ·  :it: 🇧🇷  ·  :ru: 🇦🇪

janniet
Netherlands

Re: Difference perfecto and gerundio?

Post by janniet »

Gracias

User avatar
elizabethwilliams707
United States of America

Re: Difference perfecto and gerundio?

Post by elizabethwilliams707 »

janniet wrote: Fri Sep 22, 2023 6:03 am

Can anyone tell me the difference between the presente perfecto and the gerundio?

For instance:

Estaba escuchando
Ha escuchado

Are they interchangeable or is there a difference?

In Spanish, the "presente perfecto" (present perfect) and the "gerundio" (gerund) have different uses and meanings:

  • Presente Perfecto (Present Perfect): This talks about things that happened in the past but still matter now. It's made with "haber" and the past form of the main verb. For example, "Ha escuchado" means "He/she has listened" or "He/she has heard." It's about the result of the action, not just the action itself.

  • Gerundio (Gerund): This form ends in "-ando" or "-iendo" and talks about actions happening right now or at a specific time in the past. For example, "Estaba escuchando" means "He/she was listening." It shows that the action was ongoing at that time.

So, while both talk about the past, the "presente perfecto" focuses on the result, while the gerund shows an action happening over time.

I’m Elizabeth, and I love teaching my language and culture to students with Workplace Languages. I’ve been teaching ESL/Spanish for ten years now, and I hold a Master’s in Education from Northcentral University.

Post Reply

Return to “Language”